Native and commercial broiler dominating in China
By Ad Bal.
With a population of 1.4 billion people, China is a major market for the poultry business. On the meat side, the eating pattern of the Chinese is diverse. A variety of birds for consumption is available, such as duck, depleted layers and some hybrid crosses. The biggest portion however, comes from commercial, but also from native broilers.
According to figures from the China Broiler Alliance (CBA), these two species represent 60 percent of poultry production in China. On an annual basis, total production (of all bird species) accounts for the number of 15.1 billion. This comes to just over 10 birds per capita. In weight, total poultry meat production counts for 27.6 million tons per year. With 38 members, CBA represents the majority of professional broiler producers in China.
Pricewise, chicken is very inexpensive and thus accessible to a wide public. In the period from 2012 to 2017, price of commercial broiler meat went even down from 1.54 to 1.40 USD/kg, whereas native broiler stayed at a constant level of by around 2.50. Considerably more expensive, however, than commercial broiler. Yet, there is a market for it. Over the same period, 2017 pork price also stayed at a constant level, with 3.78 USD/kg in 2017, 2.5 times more expensive than chicken. Both beef and mutton accounted for over 7 USD/kg, thus making these kinds of meat much more expensive. That clearly illustrates the popularity of poultry meat.
According to CBA, chicken meat products are increasingly popular in China, as customers are now more aware of the importance of a healthy and balanced diet.
Native broiler is mainly produced and found on the...
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