Yellow corn Quality is crucial to your business. Learn why!
Corn (maize) is the Major energy source ingredient in the poultry production, the approximate total world production 1044,556 million metric ton in 2017/ January 2018, Chart (1) shows the largest 17 countries in yellow corn production in 2017/ January 2018, United States the largest producing country in world with total production of 370,960 million metric ton, China comes at the second place with total quantity of 215,891 million metric ton (USDA foreign agriculture services -February 2018 report).
Chart (1): Total production of yellow corn 2017/ January 2018 (USDA)
The feed industry usually uses the equivalent of United states grade number 2. As grade number increase specification declines, world food program (wfp.org) publish technical specifications of yellow corn grade number 2 from different sources those specification will affect the price per metric ton. Damaged kernels and foreign materials are going to reduce the economic value of corn. Depending on the growing season and storage and shipping conditions mold and associated mycotoxin can be a problem. Table 1 explains some general requirements and the limitation of contamination for corn according to wfp.org technical specification.
Table (1): yellow corn specifications and limitations (Wfp.org technical specification of yellow corn 2011)
Corn is high energy grain because its high in starch and oil and low in fiber, the crude protein content is low, but its contribution is very important for the animal, even though vitamins is significant in corn it contains a carotenoid called Xanthophyll which is important for poultry production.
The large yield gap between the maize producing countries, a relatively more recent development with important implications for production as well as trade and marketing, has been the “biotechnology revolution”; a development which resulted in the spread of the Genetically Modified (GM) maize, the GM seeds were first introduced on a commercial scale in 1996 in the United States and 95 % from the global production of yellow corn is genetically modified organism (GMO) including resistance to pests and to herbicides.
Different countries around the world produce yellow corn with different nutrient details (Evonik industries 2016) the nutritionist should consider the different content while they formulate the feed.
Table (2): chemical analysis for yellow corn (AminoDat 5.0, 2016 Evonik nutrition and care GmbH)
Crude protein percentages are almost similar even if you buy from a...
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